Cindy Sherman, Untitled Film Still #3, 1977
Cindy Sherman

Cindy Sherman is known for fusing performance and photography in identity-morphing “self-portraits” that explore female character types. Since her days as a student in Buffalo in the mid-1970s, Sherman has been taking photographs of herself in highly staged environments, transforming...

Collier Schorr, A Possible Mutation, 1994
Collier Schorr


Collier Schorr, Lovely to Feel and to Touch, 1994
Collier Schorr

Interested in problems of identity—particularly sexuality and gender—Collier Schorr explores the construction of masculinity in photographs of wrestlers, young soldiers, and solitary adolescent figures. Her subjects are often ambiguous in gender, an early instance of the blurring of...

Collier Schorr, "South of No North," 1995
Collier Schorr

Collier Schorr has been making candid portraits since the late 1980s. Best known for photographs of adolescent men and women, she has recorded teenagers across Germany and the United States, in addition to making photographic series of wrestlers, young soldiers, and solitary figures. Schorr...

Thomas Ruff "Martin Vossing," 1988
Thomas Ruff

Thomas Ruff is one of a trio of artists who have transformed the medium of photography in contemporary art. He and fellow Kunstakademie Düsseldorf students Andreas Gursky and Thomas Struth emerged in Germany in the late 1980s and since then have influenced a rising generation of...

Pipolotti Rist, Remake of the Weekend (Stills), 1998
Pipilotti Rist

In her moving-image work, Pipilotti Rist creates visually charged environments characterized by lush color and distorted, fragmented imagery. Building narrative through layers of video and sound, Rist blurs the boundaries between visual art and popular culture. Everyday images become strange and...

Catherine Opie, Untitled #1 (Michigan Womyn's Music Festival),
Catherine Opie

One of the defining artists of her generation, Catherine Opie is known for her photographic portraits and landscapes. She frequently combines the two genres by training her camera on people within their environments—from Boy Scouts at their campgrounds to ice fishermen on frozen lakes and...

Ray Navarro with Zoe Leonard, Equipped, 1990
Ray Navarro
Zoe Leonard

Ray Navarro and Zoe Leonard emerged as artists in New York in the 1990s. Working primarily in photography, both artists have harnessed the conceptual aspects of the medium.

Navarro conceived Equipped after losing his vision due to AIDS-related medical complications, and he...

Boris Mikhailov, Untitled, from the series Case History, 1997-98
Boris Mikhailov

Boris Mikhailov has been called “the former Soviet Union’s most influential living photographer,” yet it has only been in the past decade—since the fall of the USSR—that his work has been widely exhibited in either the East or the West. Mikhailov’s exhibition...

Nan Goldin, Takaho After Kissing, Tokyo, 1994
Nan Goldin

Nan Goldin is known for candid photographs that capture intimate moments in the lives of her friends and family. When she visited Tokyo in 1992, however, she was struck by the beauty of the city and people and for the first time photographed strangers on the street: “I sensed change in the...


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